How to change the state of a gadget using a Google Wave Robot

If you have built a Google Wave Robot that interacts with a gadget, you have probably come to a number of frustrating dead ends. As of this writing, the ability for a robot to observe changes in the state of a gadget is easily determined using the Wave Robot API. However, the difficulty comes in attempting to have the robot change the state of the gadget.


Reading the library code for the Java Wave-Robot-API (, it becomes apparent that facilities available to a robot to perform changes on gadget states have a very coarse resolution. In that, I mean that there appears to be only the ability of changing a whole gadget state, not a single field.

When a robot receives a set of events from the Wave server, it has an opportunity to return a number of operations to be executed. This is the opportunity to modify content of the Wave. Techniques to observe the discussion between a Wave server and a robot are explained in another post.

When it comes to changing the content of the text, a robot can perform operation with fine resolution. This means that the operations deal with small changes. These operations are not likely to collide with operations of other users concurrently editing the same content, and if they do, the collision does not yield a large error. To understand better this phenomena, look at discussions on Operational Transforms, which are used internally by Wave to keep track of changes.

However, when it comes to managing elements (gadget are elements), there appears to be capabilities designed in the protocol to transform properties/fields of the element, however the library code is not making use of them. Therefore, at this time, it is unclear if these functions are available.

The problem is compounded by the fact that “whole-element” operations do not always work as expected. One such operation is “DOCUMENT_REPLACE_ELEMENT” which, according to the library code, should enable a robot to replace a gadget (or any element) with another copy. Using the facilities to replace an element fails and the Wave server returns an error.

This is an interesting side observation. Since the operations performed by a robot are returned as a reply to the incoming events, the Wave server contacts the robot again with incoming events containing the error. Currently, the Java Wave-Robot-API is not able to decode these events, so they show up in the logs as a critical error, where the following is observed:

If you see the above, it means that the Wave server was not able act upon a returned operation.

To come back to the whole replacement of an element, a robot must first perform a DOCUMENT_ELEMENT_DELETE operation, followed by a DOCUMENT_ELEMENT_INSERT operation. In Java, using the current Wave-Robot-API (published 2009-09-16), the following code would be needed:

What does this mean? Basically, if a robot and a user are attempting to use a gadget simultaneously, the changes that a robot makes will wipe out the changes from the user. Also, as the gadget is removed and added, there is a visual cue that this happened if the user is looking at the wave. This is far from an acceptable work-around.

Even when the bug above is fixed, the resolution of the changes will still be too coarse. The only long-term acceptable solution will be based on the DOCUMENT_ELEMENT_MODIFY_ATTRS operation, but it is not clear when this will happen.

Therefore, the really exciting Wave applications, where robots and gadgets interact to provide a truly immersed environment, will have to wait or suffer the visual glitches.

2 Replies to “How to change the state of a gadget using a Google Wave Robot”

  1. If you follow the link to the bug report, above, there seems to be activity these days around people trying patches to the Wave Robot API. Might work for you.

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